Are you a space geek? Is that a thing? If yes, then you’re in the right place. I’m also a space geek and love to research some impressive facts about planets. In this post, you will know some of the most astonishing Jupiter facts for kids as well as adults. Jupiter is the fifth and the biggest planet in our solar system that has a lot of mysteries and shocking facts. It is also one of those planets that are visible to the naked eye from earth because it is the 4th brightest object in the solar system (behind just Sun, Moon, and Venus). Let’s get started.
10 shocking Jupiter Facts for kids
Jupiter has a great red spot, I wonder what’s there.
Well, it’s a huge hurricane storm that is believed to have been in existence for more than 400 years. Ever since the discovery of Jupiter, the great red spot never disappeared. The hurricane has winds that go up to 270 miles/hour and is as big as 3 Earths combined. This is by far one of the most astonishing Jupiter facts for kids.
Jupiter doesn’t revolve around the sun
Forget what you read in your textbooks about planets revolving around their sun because you’re about to get a reality check. No, no planet revolves around the sun. Both the sun and the planet revolve around one specific point in space that is known as the barycentre. A barycentre is a point of the center of masses of two objects. It should balance the two objects like a weighing scale. For example, a barycenter of a rod is right in the middle of it, but a barycenter of a hammer would lie around the head of it.
All the planets except Jupiter are not really big and so the barycenter remains not so far from the sun’s center, the sun and the planets still revolve around the barycenter, though the sun is moving marginally. But in case of the Jupiter which has more 318 times the mass of the earth, the barycenter shifts significantly right outside the sun’s surface. Sun and the Jupiter revolve around that point and it is quite noticeable.
Not just Jupiter facts for kids huh? I guess the adults would also use this information to their knowledge.
A planet with 67 moons, one of them is the larger than Mercury
Yes, you read that right, Jupiter has 67 moons. Interestingly, one of the moons of Jupiter is the largest moon in the entire solar system. That moon is called Ganymede. Moreover, Ganymede is the only moon to have a magnetic field and a diameter (5,268 km) larger than the planet Mercury. The largest four moons of Jupiter are called the Galilean Moons because they were first discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei. These 4 moons are Ganymede, Callisto, Io, and Europa.
Does Jupiter have Seasons like our Earth?
No, in order for a planet to have seasons, it’s axis needs to be tilted enough. Jupiter’s axis is tilted by only 3.13 degree which is not enough to experience seasons. Earth’s axis is tilted by 23.5 degrees which caused the planet to experience seasons. This axis is variable though and changes between 22.1 degrees to 24.5 degrees in about every 40.000 years.
One revolution and one rotation of the sun
It takes Jupiter 11.86 years of time on earth to complete one revolution of the sun. Moreover, one rotation on its own axis is just 9 hours and 55 minutes. You really would struggle to finish your daily chores there. I wonder what would be the office timing there, 9 hours? Don’t forget to share these Jupiter facts for kids.
Yes, Jupiter also has rings, but invisible to the naked eye
The rings of the Jupiter are formed mainly by the tiny dust particles from its moons which must be the cause of impacts from outer space objects. The rings begin from 92000km above the planet and reach as high as 225000 km.
Gravity of Jupiter
Jupiter has a strong gravity that is 2.4 times that of Earth’s gravitational force. A person weighing 100 kg on earth would weigh 240 kg on Jupiter (if she could stand on clouds because it doesn’t any surface). Still feel that you’re on the wrong planet?
Jupiter is a gas giant with no surface
The atmosphere of Jupiter consists of mainly helium and hydrogen and has brown yellow red thick clouds that cover the whole planet. These clouds are the reason for such beautiful patterns we see on Jupiter. Interestingly, you won’t find the surface to land on Jupiter and reach straight to the core. The planet is composed of only the layers of gases. Since Jupiter does not have a surface, we assume the surface where the atmospheric pressure matches that of the earth’s surface.
Jupiter has the strongest magnetic field in solar system
Jupiter’s magnetic field is 20 times as strong as the Earth’s. Astonishingly, due to the strong gravity on Jupiter, it pulls down hydrogen (which we only have in a gas form on earth) and transforms it into the liquid ocean of metallic hydrogen. This huge metallic hydrogen on Jupiter’s surface creates an extremely powerful magnetic field around it, thus making it a giant magnet. Ever heard of liquid hydrogen? If yes, then we would really hit it off.
Jupiter could have been a star like our sun
Like the sun, Jupiter is also made up of hydrogen and helium. And, if it were 80 times more massive, it would have triggered a nuclear fission and formed a star just like the sun. These are not just Jupiter facts for kids, they are a heavy dose of knowledge.
How big is Jupiter?
More than 1300 Earth’s could easily fit inside Jupiter. It has a diameter of 143,000 km at the equator. The earth’s diameter is just 12,742 km. Jupiter also has 318 times the mass of the Earth. Share these Jupiter facts for kids with your children/students.
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